Washing machines are common; just about everyone knows how they work. All you need to do is drop the dirty clothes in, add some soap, close the lid or latch the door, and turn it on – that’s it. But when your washer won't spin, that’s a different story. The system behind that simplicity is full of switches, motors, sensors, water valves, belts, timers, circuit boards, hoses and more. Each of these is crucially important to the smooth operation of your washer. And the need for a washer repair service never happens at a convenient time! But don’t worry! Nutterman’s washer and dryer repair technicians will know exactly what to do to fix your non-working washing machine.
The washing machine repair technicians at Nutterman’s are very experienced with your washer no matter what brand you own. Is your Whirlpool front load washer not draining? Yes we repair those! Is your GE washer not filling with water? Don’t worry! We got this! Does your Cabrio top load washer need a new tub bearing? We can make repairing it more affordable than buying a new washing machine! Maybe your LG washer repair is that it needs a new rotor or hall sensor. We can do that for you! Is a new control board the top load Maytag washer repair that you need performed? We do that all the time! It’s possible that the Frigidaire washer repair you have a need for is a new door latch. We can diagnose that and replace it for you! You may have a tear in the door bellow and your Samsung washing machine is leaking all over the floor. Whoop! Whoop! Our technicians have got it under control!
• Inspect the washing machine hoses and fittings on your washer. Make sure the hoses aren't cracked or blistered, the fittings aren't becoming corroded and no water is dripping. It's a good idea to replace the hoses and fittings as part of regular washing machine maintenance every 3 years, even if you don't see any problems.
• Level the washing machine. Use a carpenter's level and adjust the machine's feet until the bubble indicates the washing machine is level. A washer that's not level vibrates and/or bangs around with every load needs to be levelled before it breaks down.
• Keep the exterior of your washing machine clean. Soaps and bleaches usually won't damage the exterior of the washing machine, but stain removers and other chemicals you might store on top of the washer might.
• Clean your machine machine tub. This should be done every three months. Set the washer on hot, and if there's a setting for extra dirty clothes, choose that. Let the tub fill with water, then add 3 cups of white distilled vinegar and a 1/2 cup of baking soda. When the tub begins to drain, advance the cycle to spin. After the cycle ends, set the washer to cold and run another cycle.
• Clean your washing machine dispensers. If you can remove them, do so and soak them in hot water. While they're soaking, clean out the gunk that collects around them and between the top of the washer and the tub. If you can't remove the dispensers, pour hot water through them until they're clean for good maintenance.
• How much washer detergent should I use is probably a lot less than you think. Almost everyone uses too much detergent and fabric softener in their washing machine. Your clothes will get just as clean with half the recommended amount of detergent and you can dilute your fabric softener with water or try using white distilled vinegar instead. Generally, liquid detergent is better than powder.
• Never try to remove the rear panel of any washer. Call us for DIY advice before you ever try that. Many washing machines can be damaged when removing the rear panel.
How a washing machine works.
Washing machines get clothing clean by plunging the clothes through the water and detergent mixture. It is the motion that really helps to loosen dirt. In the old days, they used to beat wet clothes against a rock to get them clean.
In top loading machines the agitator twists back and forth pulling the clothes down to the bottom of the tub. The clothes then work their way back up to the top where the agitator grabs them again. In a front loading machine, the clothes tumble and are plunged into the water over and over again. After the water is pumped out, the inner drum uses centrifugal force to wring out more water from the clothes by spinning at several hundred RPMs.
The design of washing machines vary by manufacturer, but the general principles are essentially the same. The controls consist of a timer, cycle selector mechanism, water temperature selector, load size selector and start button. The mechanism includes the motor, transmission, clutch, pump, agitator, inner tub, outer tub and water inlet valve.
The washer has two tubs, the inner tub with hundreds of holes in it and the outer tub which holds the water. During the spin cycle the inner tub spins, forcing the water out through the holes to the stationary outer tub.
The cycle selector controls may include separate or integrated controls for water temperature, water level, cycle selection and a start switch. A lid switch, which indicates whether the lid is open or closed, will interrupt some or all of the washing machine operations. The water inlet valve connects to the water supply of your home and allows hot and cold water to flow into the tub.
The agitator is in the center of the inner tub. During the wash cycle, the agitator rotates back and forth (about 3/4 of turn) to pull the clothes through the water. At the conclusion of the wash cycle, the water is pumped from the outer tub and into the drain though the drain hose.
The pump, agitator and spin drum are driven by the motor. Some washing machines use direct drive, in which the motor is connected directly to the pump and transmission. Other machines uses a belt drive in which the motor drives the transmission through a pulley and belt. On belt driven machines, the pump is typically connected to the motor by a flexible coupling.
The transmission drives both the spin of the inner tub and the back and forth motion of the agitator. Your washer has either a single direction or a reversing motor. With a single direction motor, an electro mechanical device controls whether the transmission drives the agitator or the drum. Reversing motors control the drum when they spin in one direction and the agitator when they spin in the other.
Many washing machines use a clutch to reduce the force generated by fast starting motors. The clutch allows the transmission to grab the drum or agitator in a gradual manner rather than all at once. Some washers use a clutch mechanism while others rely on slippage and gradual tension of the belt and pulley.